Wilderness survival teaches the skills needed to survive short term (1 to 4 days) and medium term (4 to 40 days). This training includes the teaching of the physical aspects and the techniques to survive the `rules of three`. The other part of the coarse includes the training of mental competence, emotions that arise and how to overcome them. The main emotions being fear, anxiety, panic, anger, depression, guilt and loneliness.
Primitive survival teaches the techniques needed to survive long term (40 days plus). This type of training requires much more than the basics of wilderness survival, some of the skills needed include climbing and mountaineering, making rope out of readily available material, fire craft, making rafts and boats, knot tying, knife usage and basic tool making. The skills of knife usage are essential as this can assist in many things such as building a shelter and for fire building.
Bush craft is a combination of wilderness and primitive survival. It is about surviving and thriving in the natural environment whilst using both ancient and modern day techniques and knowledge. Ancient bush craft skills include fire craft, tracking and hunting, shelter building, the use of tools such as knifes and axes, foraging and rope and twine making. These kind of skills have been and still are used through out the world for thousands of years.
There are several organisations that offer survival training, they can range from one day for the basics to field courses lasting as long as a month for bush craft and primitive survival. They will cover both preparation and guidance for dealing with eventualities.